The Seven Churches of Revelation – Part 2

JP: The lesson for Sunday December 18th will be from Revelation 3 where we will dicuss the churches of Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea.

In Revelation 3:20 we encounter the familiar verse:

Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears My voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and dine with him, and he with Me.

I’m sure readers are familiar with the image of Christ knocking at the door.

Christ at Heart’s Door.

The painter of “Christ at Heart’s Door” was Warner Sallman who also is known for the familiar “Head of Christ

The Head of Christ

William Holman Hunt’s The Light of the World preceded Sallman’s work by nearly a century.

My notes for this Sunday are here:


The Seven Churches of Revelation – Part 1

Pergamon Altar

JP: Notes for Sunday December 11th. Image above: The Pergamon Altar

Clarence Larkin’s “The Messages to the Seven Churches compared with Church History”

Seven Churches of Revelation

JP: I do not subscribe to this view of the seven churches of Revelation, but we will discuss this briefly on Sunday. Image source: This chart is also in Clarence Larkin’s The Book of Revelation (p 19)

A large image of Larkin’s “The Messages to the Seven Churches compared with Church History” may be found here.

The notes of the Old Scofield Reference Bible also promulgates this view:

The messages to the seven churches have a fourfold application:

  1. Local, to the churches actually addressed;
  2. admonitory, to all churches in all time as tests by which they may discern their true spiritual state in the sight of God;
  3. personal, in the exhortations to him “that hath an ear,” and in the promise “to him that overcometh”;
  4. prophetic, as disclosing seven phases of the spiritual history of the church from, say, A.D. 96 to the end. It is incredible that in a prophecy covering the church period, there should be no such foreview. These messages must contain that foreview if it is in the book at all, for the church does not appear after Revelation 3:22 . Again, these messages by their very terms go beyond the local assemblies mentioned. Most conclusively of all, these messages do present an exact foreview of the spiritual history of the church, and in this precise order. Ephesus gives the general state at the date of the writing; Smyrna, the period of the great persecutions; Pergamos, the church settled down in the world, “where Satan’s throne is,” after the conversion of Constantine, say A.D. 316. Thyatira is the Papacy, developed out of the Pergamos state: Balaamism (worldliness) and Nicolaitanism (priestly assumption) having conquered. As Jezebel brought idolatry into Israel, so Romanism weds Christian doctrine to pagan ceremonies. Sardis is the Protestant Reformation, whose works were not “fulfilled.” Philadelphia is whatever bears clear testimony to the Word and the Name in the time of self-satisfied profession represented by Laodicea.