God’s sovereign grace is just!

Pharaoh Hardened Heart

JP: Our Bible study for this Wednesday (July 29th) will be from Romans 9:14-33.

Paul mentions Pharaoh in 9:17-18:

For the Scripture says to the Pharaoh, “For this very purpose I have raised you up, that I may show My power in you, and that My name may be declared in all the earth.” Therefore He has mercy on whom He wills, and whom He wills He hardens.

I found this interesting from Exodus:

  • 9 times the text states that God hardened Pharaoh’s heart (4:21, 7:3, 9:12, 10:1, 10:20, 10:27, 11:10, 14:4, 14:8)
  • 3 times the text states that Pharaoh hardened his own heart (8:15, 8:32, 9:34)

My study notes are here!