Three Foundations of the Trinity

The 3 foundations of the Trinity are:

  1. Monotheism: There is only one God
  2. There are three divine persons
  3. The persons are coequal and coeternal

The triangle below represents these three foundations on the flat sides of the triangle (yellow boxes). Each of the three sides represents a foundational truth. When any one of these truths is denied, the other two sides form and arrow that points to the resultant error.

Errors


Subordination

Denial of the Equality of the Persons of the Godhead results in the error of subordination:

Subordination is a tricky subject. Below is an important quote from Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine by Wayne Grudem (p. 245)

Charles Hodge discusses another facet of subordination here.


Modalism

Denial of the Three Persons of the Godhead results in the error of Modalism (Sabellianism):

Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine by Wayne Grudem (p. 242)


Polytheism

Denial of Monotheism results in the error of Polytheism:


Comment: Resource: The Forgotten Trinity by James White

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