The middle wall of partition (Ephesians 2:14)

Ephesians 2:14

KJV: “For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us”
ESV: “For he himself is our peace, who has made us both one and has broken down in his flesh the dividing wall of hostility

From the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia:

ISBE: PARTITION, THE MIDDLE WALL OF

In the year 1871, while excavations were being made on the site of the temple by the Palestine Exploration Fund, M. Clermont-Ganneau discovered one of the pillars which Josephus describes as having been erected upon the very barrier or middle wall of partition, to which Paul refers. This pillar is now preserved in the Museum at Constantinople and is inscribed with a Greek inscription in capital or uncial letters, which is translated as follows:

NO MAN OF ANOTHER NATION

TO ENTER WITHIN THE FENCE AND

ENCLOSURE ROUND THE TEMPLE,

AND WHOEVER IS CAUGHT WILL

HAVE HIMSELF TO BLAME THAT

HIS DEATH ENSUES

While Paul was writing the Epistle to the Ephesians at Rome, this barrier in the temple at Jerusalem was still standing, yet the chained prisoner of Jesus Christ was not afraid to write that Christ had broken down the middle wall of partition, and had thus admitted Gentiles who were far off, strangers and foreigners, to all the privileges of access to God in ancient times possessed by Israel alone; that separation between Jew and Gentile was done away with forever in Christ.

Note “the court of the gentiles” in the above graphic. Click on graphic for larger image!

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